Subtopic: The suspension of the war
Who is Bruce Cummings?
The critical issue was freedom of choice in regard to repatriation. North Korean Pows and chinese POWs did not want to return to communist control. Meanwhile South Korea refused to sign any armistice that would keep Korea divided.
"North Koreans had abused many Americans depriving them of food,sleep and subject many to political thought reform" (32).
North Koreans were trying to brainwash Americans. At first they were trying to overthrow Americans in their country.
"In 1953 the communist side agreed to place POWs who refused repatriation under the control of the Neutral Nations' Supervisory Commission for three months" (33).This was one of the way to change communist minds about repatriation. Americans believed in individual rights and human dignity. However, communist was against that.
"The fighting could have come to an end much earlier, but both Moscow and Washington had interests in keeping it going since Korea no longer threatened to erupt into general war" (34).The war lasted so long because United States of America wanted to showed the world their high power weapons.
"Countries involved in the Three-year conflict suffered a total of more than 4 million casualties of which at least 2 million were civilians- a higher percentage than in World War II or vietnam"(35).
Why was this war a collective shrug of the shoulders?
Many Americans believed this was not a war because in Iowa court ruled that there had been no state of war in korea, since congress never declared one to exist. The tragedy was that the war solved nothing. Only a cease-fire held the peace.